There are different types of Anemia. Most fall under the 4 categories below. Even though there is a long list of more specific Anemia names.
It is possible that patients dealing with anemia, are impacted by more than one category.
The common denominator in the name Anemia, is the fact there is a decline in Red Blood Cells, or a declining Red Blood Cell count. A patients Red Blood Count has dropped lower than the “Normal” range.
The “normal” range varies slightly based on age and gender. Most Lab results specify your specific count, as well as the range, and whether your count is outside the normal range.
What differentiates the 4 categories from each other is the cause of the decline, or the what the body may or may not be doing attempting to compensate for the abnormal decline in Red Blood Cells.
Multiple approaches to treatment might be necessary if a patient is experiencing multiple causes and effects.
For an example. A CAD would fall under Hemolytic Anemia. With their Red Count low or dropping, with the body Retic’ing faster trying to compensate and produce more Red Cells. The faster Retic rate could over tax the bodies level of Iron or perhaps B12….even both. Slowing down the Retic Rate necessary to compensate for the Hemolytic type triggered by a cold exposure, or a lowered Red Blood Cell count.
Aplastic – Retic / Reticulocyte Count is low. Bone Marrow is not producing Red Blood Cells fast enough.
Hemolytic – Retic / Reticulocyte Count is high. Something is destroying Red Blood cells ahead of their normal 3 to 4 month life span. The Bone Marrow is working overtime attempting to replace them.
CADs fall into this category. Since the destruction of the Red Blood Cells is triggered by the Immune system, CAD is more specifically categorized as Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia.
Iron Deficiency – A low Retic / Reticulocyte Count could indicate this when the body doesn’t have enough iron to make Red Blood Cells.
Pernicious – Low Retic / Reticulocyte Count. Could indicate the body doesn’t have enough Vitamin B12 to produce new Red Blood Cells fast enough.
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